Thursday, May 21, 2020
The French words un an and une annÃ ©e both mean year (whats the difference?) and are also used in many expressions. Learn how to say school year, the sixties, on average, and more with this list of expressions with an and annÃ ©e.de ___ ans (e.g., un enfant de 3 ans, une voiture de 10 ans)___-year-old (e.g., 3-year-old child, 10-year-old car)en lan ___ avant JÃ ©sus-Christ(in the year) ___ BCen lan ___ de notre Ã ¨re(in the year) ___ ADen lan de grÃ ¢ce ___in the year of Our Lord ___les ans lont courbÃ © (literary)hes become hunched with ageavoir 25 ansto be 25 (years old)bon an mal anon averagecourbÃ © sous le poids des ans (literary)bent under the weight of agele jour de lAnNew Years Dayle nouvel anNew Years Day, the new yearloutrage des ans (literary)the ravages of timele premier de lanNew Years Day, the first of the yearsen moquer / sen soucier comme de lan quaranteto not care less about, to not give a darn about2 fois par an, 3 fois par an... twice a year, three times a year...br/>les annÃ ©es 60, 70, 80...the sixties, seventies, eighties...une annÃ ©e bissextileleap yearune annÃ ©e civilecalendar yearune annÃ ©e-lumiÃ ¨relight yearune annÃ ©e sainteHoly yearune annÃ ©e scolaireschool yearBonne AnnÃ ©e !Happy New Year!Bonne AnnÃ ©e et bonne santÃ © !Happy New Year (and good health)!Cest Ã des annÃ ©es-lumiÃ ¨res de mes prÃ ©occupationsIts the last thing on my mind.Lesson: an vs annÃ ©e | Dates in FrenchMore: French expressions | Confusing pairs
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It has been around there for years, in newspapers, on television and in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s local news: gay marriage. It surely is an ethical dilemma and the dilemma shows us two sides: people are either in favour of gay marriage or they are against gay marriage. Gay marriage can be legalised by law and if not, punishment in jail could be the next step. And that is where the ethical dilemma starts. All human beings have certain needs in life, these needs could differ per individual, so as a commonly accepted model there is the MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s Hierarchy of Needs. This model describes the basic human needs which also states that the most basic needs must be met before the other needs can be fulfilled. The first needs are the physiological needs. These needsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It took me a while to find a definition that did not include only Ã¢â¬Ëman and womanÃ¢â¬â¢ in the definition and that shocked me somehow. What is the meaning of marriage, or what does it mean to the indi viduals that get married? Ã¢â¬Å"Marriage (1) : the state of being united to a person of the opposite sex as husband or wife in a consensual and contractual relationship recognized by law (2) : the state of being united to a person of the same sex in a relationship like that of a traditional marriage same-sex marriageÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"MarriageÃ¢â¬ , 2014). The values for this case include the moral values honesty and nonviolence. In the encyclopedia, marriage is stated for man and woman to be united, recognised by law. The definition for same sex marriage it is stated as Ã¢â¬Ëa relationship like that of a traditional marriageÃ¢â¬â¢ what already implies that is wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t Ã¢â¬ËnormalÃ¢â¬â¢ before and the traditional marriage is an example to follow. It is a great thing to legalise marriage and for example in the United States of America this happened in 17 of the 50 states already. Also the 18th state already joined, Utah in December 2013, and more than 900 same-sex marriages took place in Utah immediately after allowing. But on January 6, 2014, Ã¢â¬Å"the United States Supreme Court stayed the ruling pending further appealsÃ¢â¬ (Wikipedia, 2014). The value honesty plays a big role in fulfilling gay rights. Again, it would be a very strange situation if homosexuals are not able to fulfil theirShow MoreRelatedThe Issue Of S ame Sex Marriage984 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Homosexuality is hotly debated within the United States of America when it comes to the idea of same sex-marriage. Society cannot seem to agree about whether it should be made legal or not. The views on this topic have been shaped by religion, by the 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s AIDS period, and by so much more. Throughout the time homosexuals fought for their rights, had to go through life wondering if their friends would survive, to bring us to todayÃ¢â¬â¢s reality where even social media gives every individual the opportunityRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage966 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesstudies focusing on same-sex and heterosexual couples and the challenges they experience with bringing up children. The main focus of the articles is to draw on the conclusion on same-sex couples. When dealing with families of same sex marriages you must put into consideration how families are the same and different from traditional families. In today s society man y of same-sex couples are confronted with social irregular characteristics which may cause many complex issues. The main point isRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage1376 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLiberties/Civil Rights Issues November 19, 2014 IÃ¢â¬ ¦My chosen topic is Gay Rights- more specifically marriage equality. Public opinion in the U.S. shows the majority support for the legal recognition of same-sex marriages. This issue is more likely to be supported by women and people under 50. My thesis is that marriage equality a civil right, rights we are born with as a citizen of the U.S. which the government cannot interfere with or suppress. (Lecture Notes 8/27). Over the past decade, marriage equality hasRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage Essay1677 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEqual marriage has always been a contentious issue in society. The legalisation of same sex marriage in New Zealand in August 2013 via the Marriage (Definition of Marriage) Amendment Act has been a source of pride for those in some parts of our society and a source of horror for those in other parts. This issue split the country, and those in power, right down the middle, with some people taking sides that didnÃ¢â¬â¢t necessarily align with what w ould be expected of their political leanings. The issueRead MoreThe Issue With Same Sex Marriage1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe Issue with Same Sex Marriage has been debated for over a decade and we have seen conflicts of concerns regarding the rights of homosexuals. Do they have the right to same sex marriage? First must look for the level of definition from the word marriage. We must first look at the Federal Marriage Amendment (FMA), in which it states that marriage is defined as a union between one man and one woman. On July 18th, 2006, the Congressional voted on the proposed Amendment that befell onto the House ofRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrelationship that is Ã¢â¬Å"morally rightÃ¢â¬ . When speaking on gay marriage, there are typically two views. To some it is just absouletly disgusting, and then to others itÃ¢â¬â¢s a beautiful thing. Ã¢â¬Å" Opponents of Same Sex Marriage say marriage is between a man and a woman and anything else i s morally wrong( Ã¢â¬Å"At Issue : Same Sex MarriageÃ¢â¬ ) As a human being , whose right is it to tell someone who they can and can not love. Sometimes people may disagree with gay marriage on a spiritual level, but who is to say one personÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreThe Issue With Same-Sex Marriages1568 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesdebate about the issue of same-sex marriage. For many, it is one of the fundamental human rights to love and marry whomever one chooses. Others feel that this right should be ruled by certain moral codes and restrictions in order to maintain the basic moral fabric of Western society. Today, many critics who advocate for the legalization of same-sex marriage across the United States do so on the grounds of the fact that it will create a more equal and fair society. Same-sex marriage, or indeed simplyRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage1711 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesyear. Same-sex marriage is a debatable topic that attracts many responses from those supporting and those opposing the issue. People who dispute gay marriage believe it is morally wrong, while gay rights activists believe that all marriages be treated equally. This dispute is put into several different lights including morals, family values and religion; and those of equality, constitutionality. Section 1: The first major law that affected same-sex marriage was the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)Read MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage1664 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesconclusions which declare that every generation after the Salient Generation (1928-45) is more in favor of same-sex marriage. The primary component here is that Ã¢â¬Å"younger generations express higher levels of support for same-sex marriageÃ¢â¬ (Mitchell). As far as reflecting the change in attitudes, the data shows that older generations Ã¢â¬Å"have become more supportive of same-sex marriage in the past decadeÃ¢â¬ (Mitchell). In relation to Lewis and GossettÃ¢â¬â¢s research, their research aligns in their claim thatRead MoreThe Issue Of Same Sex Marriage931 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe issue of same-sex marriage is an extremely controversial topic within Ireland. The discussion reached its zenith on May 28th, 2015, when the predominately Roman Catholic Republic of Ireland became the first country in the world t o legalize same-sex marriage by popular vote. Additionally, the issue divided the population of Ireland into two corners: those who were pro-family versus those who were pro-marriage. Pro-family citizens opposed the marriage equality referendum and the pro-marriage side
I. Political situation a. Multinational 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Dbq 12 or any similar topic only for you Order Now West Ã¢â¬â French speaking -gt; Geneva 2. East Ã¢â¬â German speaking -gt; Zurich b. Decentralized Government 1. Semi-autonomous cantons (province or state) 2. Technically part of the HRE, but functions as an independent state c. Geography and language -gt; eastern Switzerland 1st affected by protestant reformation 1. Zurich -gt; Urich Zwingli a. More radical departure from RCC doctrine + ritual b. Marburg Colloquy (1529) Ã¢â¬â Martin luther and Urich Zwingli (eucharist) Martin luther = ConsubstantiationUlrich Zwingli = body and blood of Jesus symbolic, Literal interpretation of the bible d. Geneva -gt; center of the swiss reformation from 1530 1. French-speaking part of switz 2. Led by John CALVIN II. Genevan reformation a. John Calvin wrote the Institutes of the Christian religion. 1. Calvinist formulation of prot theology b. Predestination Ã¢â¬â God has already chosen those who will be saved Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"the electÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â and those who will be damned 1. Neither good works nor faith lea to salvation 2.Salvations is a question of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will (unknowable) and it is up to god whether or not God chooses to bestow grace on someone c. NO FREE WILL, only conformity to GodÃ¢â¬â¢s will d. Pressure of society led Calvinists to act as though they had grace and were the Ã¢â¬Å"electÃ¢â¬ 1. Outward behavior = manifestation of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s eternal status 2. Legal code based on Calvinist morality/doctrine e. Moral transformation of society (one soul at a time) 1. Calv -gt; political resistance to centralized government f. hard work, discipline -gt; accumulation of wealth } signs of grace 1.Max Weber ( 19th c German sociologist) Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"protestant work ethicÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Link between Calvinist behavior and rise of capitalism and middle class-gt; bourgeoisie g. Structure of the Genevan church. 1. Cooperation between laity (normal members of faith) and clergy (religious) 2. Consistory Ã¢â¬â the supreme governing body of Geneva Ã¢â¬â Responsible for enactment and enforcement of Calvinist laws, basically the maintenance of morality in Geneva h. Geneva was a Ã¢â¬Å"free cityÃ¢â¬ -gt; (1) a haven for persecuted Protestants 2) laws against wife beating III. Calvinism in Europe a. Wider appeal than Lutheranism b. French-speaking Switzerland c. France -gt; Huguenots-gt; minority but influential and powerful d. Bohemia (modern day Czech republic) Ã¢â¬â in HRE BUT (1) Calvinism is illegal (2)Catholic Hapsburg overlord e. Palatinate Ã¢â¬â HRE Ã¢â¬â election state f. Scotland Ã¢â¬â Presbyterians Ã¢â¬â John Knox g. England Ã¢â¬â Puritans II. Lutheranism in Europe a. Northern HRE b. Denmark c. Norway d. Sweden -gt; Major power in 17th century How to cite Dbq 12, Papers
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Table of Contents Introduction Decline of English Language Politics and English Language Improving the Language Works Cited Introduction English language, unlike other languages, is very strict in its usage. According to Taylor (4), English language has faced a lot of transformation over time. Several factors have contributed to this evolution of this language. This scholar states that this language is the second most spoken language in the world after Chinese. Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Politics and English Language specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Different groups of people will speak this language differently based on their place of birth and the first language. The way words are pronounced by different individuals from different parts of the world clearly demonstrates this variation. Some of the variations are so big that one may fail to understand what another speaker is saying. This is s ometimes worsened by the fact that some people consider introducing their first language into English, creating what Meyers (3) refers to as slung. This is very common in the political language. This study focuses on the works of George Orwell about the use and misuse of the language titled Ã¢â¬Å"Politics and the English Language.Ã¢â¬ George Orwell has carefully analyzed the use of English language both it its written and spoken form. In this article, Orwell brings out the fact that English language is constantly deteriorating as the world globalizes. Although this is the second most spoken language in the world, it is always seen as the most important language in the world. It may be because of this reason that there has been a massive attempt by individuals from around the world to get an understanding of this language. As civilization continues around the world, the language is getting worse with each passing day. It is of concern that the society seem to be comfortable with this distortion. Orwell laments, Ã¢â¬Å"It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanesÃ¢â¬ . He says that the society has become so accustomed to this poor language that it has become impossible to persuade them out of it. An attempt to convince people to desist from the language is like telling them to avid what is considered trendier. That is why Orwell is comparing this emerging English language to an electric light and the traditional English language to a candle. Decline of English Language It is a fact that as the world globalizes, there is increased number of people speaking this language. However, this does not mean that the language spoken in these areas are not Standard English. Advertising Looking for research paper on languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In fact, there has been a consistent decli ne in the standard language. This distortion of the language may be because of some little ignorance that was ignored when they first appeared in this language. According to Orwell, the effect of a distorted language seems to be the cause of further distortion of the language. This scholar says that some individuals resign to their fate. He says, Ã¢â¬Å"A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks.Ã¢â¬ Orwell compares a man who uses the effect of a little failure in the English language as a reason to the deterioration of both spoken and written English. An individual will consider him or herself a failure and therefore use failure as an excuse to the deterioration of spoken English. Like a drunkard, the effect will be used to compound the whole process. Orwell says that misuse of the language is common even in the media. He says that it is common to hear and read substandard language in media. The misu se of the language has become so serious that it is currently finding its way into the classrooms. This scholar says a number of ways in which individuals in various capacities are dodging the Standard English in their speech and writings exist. The report by Larkin (12) supports the argument of this scholar. This scholar says that media has been one of the leading sources of distortion of the language. This scholar says that misuse of the language is common to both the media presenters and reporters, and the people they bring to the media. This scholar brings to focus an incident that hit the headlines of many newspapers and televisions around the world. A reporter in a West African country was reporting on an accident. The reporter said, Ã¢â¬Å"They are in furu furu conditionÃ¢â¬ to mean that the individuals spoken about were drunk. What this reporter wanted to say was that the individuals were in full full condition, which in its improved form, is still not a Standard Englis h. This incident was a perfect demonstration of how an effect can be a perfect cause of a phenomenon. Because this report was listened to over the radios, television and the print media, it became a common terms, almost a clichÃ © within a very short period. Instead of saying that an individual is drunk, one would say that the individual is in full condition. The expression Ã¢â¬Ëfull conditionÃ¢â¬â¢ in this case has been given a completely new meaning that did not exist before. This is what George Orwell is describing as a Ã¢â¬Ëverbal false limbÃ¢â¬â¢. They slowly get into the mainstream language and like cancer, the get accepted and steadily displace the traditional English expressions.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Politics and English Language specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Politics and English Language According to Orwell, there is a close link between language flaws and politics. In politics, there is always the pressure to impress the audience. One is always forced to use the power of word in order to convince the audience that he is the best. This shows that when such an individual is offered an opportunity, he will be able to tackle most of their problems. To do this, diction is very important. A politician will always try to show a mastery of language by using very complex and flowery language. Simile and metaphors become very vital, and any extra word or expression that will make the sentence more flowery is always welcome. According to Orwell, Ã¢â¬Å"Phrases like a not unjustifiable assumption, leaves much to be desired, would serve no good purpose, a consideration which we should do well to bear in mind, are a continuous temptation, a packet of aspirins always at oneÃ¢â¬â¢s elbow.Ã¢â¬ In traditional English, there is always a rule that one should avoid double negatives in a sentence. The phrase above does not observe this. The expression Ã¢â¬Å"not and unjustifiableÃ¢â¬ as it appears above is not a Standard English. This is because the sentence can be simplified further as justifiable. However, when people in authority make such statements, they become easily acceptable. They always infiltrate the academic sector first. Students who consider these leaders as their role model will start using such language without the knowledge that such expressions are not standard. This clearly demonstrates the fact that there is a direct relationship between politics and the language. According to Orwell, politics has become so entrenched in the society that Ã¢â¬Å"there is no such thing as keeping out of politics.Ã¢â¬ Our society is defined by politics. Orwell says that language and politics is closely connected both directly and indirectly. Orwell laments that politics a large mass of lies, folly, evasion, and hatred. Because of the evasive nature of the language, it becomes convenient for them to come up with a language that is e vasive to help hide their intention. They have to find a way of expressing statements in a way that does not reveal their real intention. The language they use become so entrenched in the society that they become part of people. According to the report by Hitchens (17), the sentiments of Orwell are valid. Politics has redefined the way some of the phrases are made. This scholar emphasizes the elusiveness and deceitful nature of politics and politicians. This scholar says that in politics, people may be forced to say statements that they do not mean. Advertising Looking for research paper on languages? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At times, this scholar says that politicians are found in dilemma where they have to address an issue that is considered controversial. When a politician is faced with a situation that will demand that he makes a choice between two issues, and the choice comes with some form of consequences, the politician will always try to gamble and win both factions. To achieve this, it will force such a politician to use a language that will be pleasant to both sides. This may involve coming up with a language that will make his opinion or choice appear to appease both sides. This creates a scenario where no straightforward statements that can help express opinion of an individual exist. Improving the Language English as a language has become very common. A large number of people around the world speak it and many more are aspiring to know the language. Language is an important tool of communication. It is also a fact that languages also undergo evolution that may make them change in a way tha t reflects the current society. This is especially so as technology keeps on bringing new items and phenomenon that must find a name and an expression. However, it is important to develop the traditional language based on the emerging trends in the society. When one decides to replace the traditional expressions, words or sentences with others that crop up spontaneously, then the language will lose its meaning. An individual from the United States may not be able to communicate with another from Britain because the two speak different languages while still claiming to speak English language. To do this, it is important for an individual to avoid usage of similes and metaphors or other figurative languages that may be common in the media. An individual should also avoid using long words where short words can be used. Above all, one should avoid sentences that do not make sense even to themselves. This is the only way the language can be protected. Works Cited Bounds, Philip. Orwell and Marxism: The Political and Cultural Thinking of George Orwell. New York: I.B. Tauris, 2009. Print. Hitchens, Christopher. Why Orwell Matters. New York: Basic Books, 2003. Print. Larkin, Emma. Secret Histories: Finding George Orwell in a Burmese Teashop. New York: Penguin, 2005. Print. Meyers, Jeffery. Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation. New York: W.W.Norton, 2000. Print. Taylor, Derrick. Orwell: The Life. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 2003. Print. This research paper on Politics and English Language was written and submitted by user Albert Coffey to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Batman vs. the Joker Essays Batman vs. the Joker Essay Batman vs. the Joker Essay The Oak Grove Football Stadium on Game Night Everyone has the basic psychological need of belonging and purpose. I satisfied this need by supporting my school in the Warrior Stadium every game night. It was in that stadium where I would quench my thirsts for brotherhood and companionship. It was a place of refuge for me. I could escape from drama and peer conflict, into a bigger and broader conflict between rivalries older than myself. In the Oak Grove Stadium we could all Join together In support of the team we loved ND stand united against our challengers. Whether we won or lost we did so together as a community and school. It was there that I learned some of lifes most valuable lessons. The Warrior Stadium on game night was, and still Is, a very special place to me. The band was always the first part oaf games opening ceremony. We would always line up outside the band hall and march into the stadium from there. A drum-tap-off would begin to ready the drum-line and then the booming cadence would begin and with It the band would start the march, In time and simultaneously. The feel of the hard paved road was painful for the first step but when we neared the stadium it began to get less noticeable as my mind entered a state of complete concentration. We marched In as one, never stopping to let the traffic or spectators pass through our line. The lines for the tickets led out Into the road and often as far as the parking lot. A traffic director would always halt the vehicles passing beside the stadium so nothing could interfere with our line. The gates to the field would always be ready ND open on either side of the field, awaiting the band to pass through them on both sides of the field. The drum lines booming cadence was, like our Impenetrable line. Unrelenting and the sounds from the mass of people could barely be heard. As we passed through the gates and on to the field, cheers would rumble the stadium from our supporters with pride. The opposing schools band, already seated on the visitor side, would scowl and Jeer at us as we marched. Sometime even throwing trash at us. UT we showed our pride and excellence by not reacting to their unsportsmanlike-like induct. The feel of the turf was pleasing in comparison to the rough pavement but for the small, black rubber pieces that would hop into our shoes at every step. We moved silently into position on the sidelines as the drum line ended the cadence with a final booming note. Then the whistles from the drum majors would sound, letting us know that it was time to begin the prename show. The march onto the field was one of high-tempo which would bring a heightened since of excitement to the entire structure. Finally In our spots on the field, the whistles would sound once again to signal the beginning of prename. We always began prename with the short fan-fare, followed by our prename tune. 1 OFF Ana teen our almost Ana notational anthem we De sung Dye our c lour n . Nine silence over the field and since of respect was stifling during the songs, and slowly the flag was raised by the Delta Squad. Once the choir was finished, cheers would erupt from the home side of the stadium that showed every ounce of our passion and excitement for the game which would soon begin.
Monday, March 2, 2020
ACT Prep for ESL and Bilingual Students SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Unless a 4 year college has a test flexible policy, it requires the ACT or SAT from all its applicants. Since the ACT is meant to measure your academic skills for college classes that will be taught in English, there's no option for ACT dual language or ACT instructions in another language. ESL and bilingual students have to take the ACT for many colleges. In a lot of cases, they have to take the TOEFL or IELTS, as well, to demonstrate their English language proficiency. The ACT is a tough test for all students, and its time and verbal demands make it especially challenging for English language learners. Luckily, prepping for the ACT, once you have sufficient English language skills, can go a long way toward improving your scores. Let's go over what the ACT is all about and what you can do to get ready. What's Tested on the ACT? If you're looking for an ACT ESL or ACT in Spanish version, unfortunately you're out of luck. There's no option for ACT dual language for bilingual students. Having limited English proficiency doesn't count as a reason to get extended time, either. Only students with a documented disability may be approved for time accommodations. The ACT has four sections, all of them in English: English, Math, Reading, and Science. They always come in that order. There's also the option of taking the ACT with Writing, which adds a 30 minute essay at the end. A lot of non-native English speakers prefer the ACT to the SAT for a few reasons. One is that the essay is not required and not a part of the overall score, unlike on the current SAT. A second reason is that the ACT doesn't test as advanced, high level vocabulary as the SAT. Finally, a lot of students appreciate that the ACT has a Science section, which is more quantitative and less heavy on verbal skills. The English section tests your knowledge of grammar rules and structure. You'll have to identify and fix sentence errors within paragraphs, along with rearranging ideas for a more logical organization. The Math tests pre-algebra, algebra, geometry, and trigonometry and comes in one long 60 minute section. After Math is the Reading section. Reading presents passages and asks questions about main purpose, vocabulary, and inferences, among others. Finally, the Science section asks about biology, chemistry, physics, and earth sciences, but focuses less on facts and more on reasoning and interpretation skills within the field of natural sciences. It doesn't test very advanced content knowledge, so you may have all the scientific background you need by 9th or 10th grade. Because of the Science section's emphasis on skills of interpretation and reasoning, it's sometimes likened to the Reading section even more than to the Math. Even so, a lot of ESL students find they can score more highly on the Math and Science sections. The ACT is a time intensive, fast-paced test. You'll have to answer a lot of questions under limited time. this means you also have to have the language skills to answer questions accurately and quickly. The good news is that the test is very coachable, and preparation goes a long way. Before starting to prep, you should ask yourself, What's my English level? Am I ready to start prepping for the ACT? First step: measure your ESL level. What's Your English Level? What would you consider your level of English to be, beginner, intermediate, or advanced? Apart from your level in your classes at school, another way to measure your English skills is by taking the TOEFL. Many ACT experts agree that you aren't ready to start prepping for the ACT until you've scored between an 80 and 90 on the TOEFL. The minimum TOEFL score I've seen colleges require is a 79, while an Ivy League school like Yale requires at least 100. While ACT prep is essential and can help you achieve large score improvements, you have to have enough knowledge of the language to prep effectively. Let's look at what you can do to prepare yourself at each of these three levels. If you're High Beginner or High Intermediate, you can take advice from both sections and determine which approach best applies to you. ACT Prep for Beginner English Language Learners If you're in beginner level ESL, then you're probably not ready quite yet to start prepping for the ACT or to go directly into college level courses. You should focus on improving your English language reading, writing, listening, and speaking. You can begin to familiarize yourself with what's tested on the ACT, and that way you can make sure to learn relevant information, like math terms and grammar rules. Overall, the best approach you can take at this level is to continue learning English. If you're already a senior in high school, you might consider an ESL bridge program. A lot of colleges, like UMass Boston, University of New Hampshire, and Roger Williams, offer programs for ESL students to study English before moving into the undergraduate program. Another option is enrolling in community college, which may require the TOEFL but won't ask for the ACT. You can keep improving your English there and gaining college credits. When you're ready, you can then transfer to a 4-year college. In the end, your diploma will be from the 4-year college. As a beginner ESL student, you should contine building up your vocabulary, reading comprehension, writing skills, and knowledge of English idioms. Once you approach the intermediate and high intermediate level, you can begin to do more focused prep for the ACT. Start early to give your skills time to grow. ACT Prep for Intermediate English Language Learners If you're an intermediate ELL, then you could benefit from some ACT prep, but still will have challenges with English, Reading, and, if you choose to take it, essay section. If you want a more precise measure of your readiness, you might take the TOEFL or try sample TOEFL questions to see if you make that benchmark of 80 to 90. The first step in prep should be familiarizing yourself with exactly what's tested on the ACT. What do you need to know for the English, Math, Reading, and Science sections? Find out about the types of questions, what the instructions say, and how much time you have. Eventually, learn about strategies to save time and narrow down your answer choices. As I mentioned above, ESL students typically score higher on the Math and Science sections than on the English and Reading. For these sections, you want to make sure you've learned the content, like geometry and trigonometry, as well as brush up on your math and science vocabulary. You may be a whiz at trigonometry, but if you don't understand what a question is asking, you won't be able to show it. Native and non-native English speakers prepping for the ACT should focus their prep on the areas where they need it most. If reading comprehension and essay writing are most challenging for you, then spend the most amount of time reviewing, practicing, and going over your mistakes in those sections. For the English section, study grammar rules and read as much as you can with an eye for structure and organization of ideas. Another way you can root out your strong areas and weak points is by taking official ACT practice tests. Score them and find out where you did well and where you need to improve. Most intermediate students will still have a tough time scoring highly on the ACT, as it really requires advanced English skills. Your prep can help you improve both your performance on the ACT and your English at the same time. While you prep, though, you want to make sure you're using the most effective method. Let's consider the options. Choose the method of test prep that will best get you from Point A to Point B. Methods of ACT Prep for Intermediate Students There are a few main methods of prep for the ACT: self-studying with books, classes, online prep programs like PrepScholar, and one-on-one tutoring. Of these four methods, I would only recommend the last two for intermediate ESL students, online programs and one-on-one tutoring. The ACT is a challenging test, and coming up with and sticking to a study plan is tough as well. With books, you don't know if you're tackling the material in the best way. You also will probably run into confusion and not have anyone to help clear it up. A major part of test prep is reading through answer explanations and analyzing your mistakes. If you're unsure why you made a mistake, then you won't learn for next time. Instead, you'll repeat it over and over. The problem with classes is that few are geared toward ESL students. They move at too fast a pace and don't offer a ton of individualized attention. A class could end up discouraging you more than it teaches you. With online programs and one-on-one tutoring, you have the help and explanations you need. PrepScholar's program starts with a diagnostic pre-test, and then customizes the curriculum and study plan to best meet your needs. You'll know exactly how to prep, use high quality material, and have access to lots of strategies. Plus you'll get feedback on ACT essays. Tutors can also customize curriculum for you. The best ones have experience working with ESL students. The limitation here is the cost of tutoring, the skill of the tutor, and potentially infrequent meetings. With an online program, you can access it anytime you have internet. Prep takes a lot of time, dedication, and structure to do well. If possible, you should start a year or two out and leave yourself time to take the ACT more than once. Finally, this brings us to ESL students who are in the advanced level and/or fluent. How should advanced ESL students prep for the ACT? ACT Prep for Advanced English Language Learners The ACT is a demanding test for native and non-native speakers of English. Advanced ESL students sometimes have an advantage over native English speakers, because they usually explicity study the grammar rules and conventions of English. If this sounds like you, this technical understanding can help you out a lot on the English section. As an advanced student, you should start by learning about the ACT and then taking a practice test. Score your test and find out where you need the most prep. Take the time to thoroughly understand your mistakes and find ways to fill in your gaps in knowledge. While you shouldn't leave out studying for the Math and Science sections, you probably want to focus especially on English and Reading. Outside of using ACT materials, you should read widely to continuously improve your reading comprehension and ability to understand the meaning of vocabulary words in context. ACT Word of the Day and ACT Question of the Day are also a convenient way to gradually build up your knowledge. Advanced ESL students may benefit more than intermediate students from self-studying with books and in classes, but I'd still recommend online programs or tutoring to have that extra element of support. Not only will these last two options offer you help, feedback, and a customized plan, but you'll also get, at least with PrepScholar, feedback on practice essays. ACT essay scorers are looking for as few errors as possible in grammar, structure, and spelling. If you score highly enough on the Reading and English sections, then yourcolleges might waive the TOEFL requirement. For instance, Johns Hopkins waives the TOEFL if you achieve the high ACT bilingual scores of 30+ on both sections. Check with admissions offices to make sure you understand exactly what tests are expected of you as an ESL student, even if you're already fluent and took only one ESL course in high school. Determine your target ACT scores early and start reviewing content and learning new strategies. Read on for a possible game plan for your study schedule. Make a Plan for Your ACT Prep Consider how much time you have and your budget for test prep, along with what method works best with your study style. I recommend finding that extra support, if financially possible, that comes with an online program or a qualified, experienced tutor. The extra help and explanations you'll get will be a huge help in improving your scores. Based on your English level and potential colleges, you can figure out your target scores by section and composite score. Weigh the amount of time you have against the available test dates. Remember that the fall of senior year is probably your last chance to test ahead of college deadlines. To give yourself a lot of time to prep and retest, you could take the ACT for the first time in the spring of sophomore year after studying a few hours each week throughout the year. Unless you're satisifed with your scores, you could study more intensively over the summer and take it again in the fall of junior year. Then you might have about two more chances to test, in the spring of junior year and fall of senior year. There are more test dates in between, but you shouldn't have to take the official ACT many more times than this. You'd be better served putting your time into studying and taking practice tests. This schedule might be too early if you haven't learned the algebra, geometry, trigonometry, or lab skills yet to tackle the Math and Science sections. Again, familiarize yourself with the test to know if you have the content knowledge to understand the material. All of this prep for the ACT will help you not just earn the test scores you need for college, but also further sharpen your English language and study skills. All of this will help you succeed once you reach the college level. What's Next? We have a ton of free resources for ACT prep and strategies for students at all scoring levels. Check out these guides and explore the many more articles we have to help you excel on the ACT! The 21 ACT Tips You Should Be Using Today How Science/Math People Can Do Well on ACT Reading The Ultimate Study Guide for ACT Science: Tips, Practice, and Strategies The Complete Prep Guide for ACT Reading The Full Study Guide for ACT English What ACT Target Score Should You Be Aiming For? How to Stop Running Out of Time on ACT Math The Best Way to Approach the ACT Reading Passage ACT Writing Tips: 15 Strategies to Raise Your Essay Score Want to improve your ACT score by 4 points?We have the industry's leading ACT prep program. Built by Harvard grads and ACT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible. Check out our 5-day free trial today:
Friday, February 14, 2020
MANY TIMES NOVELS,MOVIES HAVE LIFE CHANGING EFFECTS ON THEIR AUDIENCE.EXPLAIN HOW A SPECIFIC OR NOVEL HAS HAD A POSTIVE EFFECT ON YOUR LIFE - Movie Review Example Upon being released to video, and then later DVD, many stores refused to carry it for sale or rent, including Blockbuster and Walmart. It has been my experience that most people who hold an opinion of this movie hold an opinion based upon the controversy it generated rather than the content of the film itself. Since this seems a less than progressive way to form an opinion, I decided to watch it and form an opinion based on what the movie seems to be about to me. The Last Temptation of Christ has had a lasting effect upon my life not only for its content, but as a method of showing that misinformed public opinion can have a lasting and damaging effect upon works of art that extend into time and form. The protest against the film centers around the supposedly blasphemous qualities it contains, including Jesus marrying and having children. Indeed, the film does feature a section in which Jesus marries and has children. But far from being blasphemous, these scenes highlight Jesus' sacred qualities because they take place within a vision-His last temptation on the cross. The point of the movie is that Jesus denies the temptation and accepts his mission as messiah. In other words, Jesus is heroic! Far from being blasphemous, the film is actually quite conservative in its adherence to religious dogma.